Psychotherapeutic treatment has a fixed system or consistency in handling the therapeutic relationship with the client. But this can take shape in many ways. For example, psychotherapy can be given as “individual” psychotherapy, group psychotherapy, or systemic treatment. The main forms of psychotherapy, in which various methods can be applied, are:
Cognitive-behavioral therapy evolved from behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy. Behavioral therapy focuses on changing behavioral patterns that perpetuate emotional problems. In cognitive therapy, the emphasis is on changing the way of thinking that patients use. Within cognitive behavioral therapy, the emphasis is sometimes more on the way of thinking and interpreting the patient, sometimes more on the way things are done. The treatments are complaint- or problem-oriented and short-term in design. The suggestions of Vancouver therapists work a lot with exercises and homework. Most treatments take between ten and twenty-five sessions.
Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
Both psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy assume that we are often unaware of the drivers of our behavior. Sometimes a person is inhibited in his or her functioning by feelings that are not only related to current events. The purpose of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy is to raise awareness of hidden thoughts and feelings. This makes it possible to better understand and process psychological problems and to look for other ways to deal with these situations. Psychoanalysis is based on intensive therapeutic contact: the patient lies on a couch four or five times a week. The psychotherapist sits on a chair behind it. Psychoanalysis usually takes several years. In psychoanalytic psychotherapy, the therapy is less intensive: the patient comes twice a week to once every two weeks. Unlike in psychoanalysis, the patient and psychotherapist sit opposite each other. Psychoanalytic psychotherapy generally lasts from one to several years.
Child therapists, psychotherapists, or (ortho) pedagogues working in so-called secondary care, provide specialized care for more serious psychological or psychiatric problems. These child therapists often work as independent child therapists or psychotherapists.
Client-centered psychotherapy was until recently called Rogerian psychotherapy, after its main founder, the American psychologist Carl Rogers. Client-centered psychotherapy is person-oriented, process-oriented and pragmatic. Person-oriented means in the first place that the client as a person is central. Second, it means that the client decides for himself what he or she wants to discuss in therapy and whatnot, how far he or she wants to go in it, and so on. Process-oriented means that the therapy is a process that is aimed at (re) integrating thinking, feeling, and acting. Pragmatic means that the therapist is not bound by one way of working, but knows several approaches.
Relationship and family therapy (system therapy)
Relationship therapy and family therapy are two specific forms of psychotherapy. The characteristic of these forms of therapy is that partners or family members are usually in therapy together. The problems of one or more involved parties are central to the therapy. Relationship therapy and family therapy are also called system therapy. In therapy, participants can become aware of mutual reactions to each other and understand how they affect others. Homework is often agreed upon, for example, to try out what it is like to do things differently than before.